I invite you to appreciate the awesome art of cemetery entrance gates. These are not just the simple wrought iron gates, but ornate massive structures with towers, belfrys, rooms and more.
They are much more than keeping people out of the cemetery after closing. During daylight hours they welcome the visitor and establish the character of the cemetery grounds. They create a sense of arrival for the funeral procession, a proper sendoff for the deceased if you will.
I think they speak to us. A massive cemetery gate seems to be a metaphor, a powerful symbol illustrating our journey from our earthly life into the hereafter, and even into the presence of God. Theology aside, the architects certainly had a broad canvas to create a strong and powerful focal point at the entrance to the cemetery. The imposing beauty welcomed the mourner or visitor alike. Many are no longer with us so let’s look at these amazing works of art.
Many large gate designs included additional features . There were in some cases, offices, a ladies waiting room, a chapel, a guest cottage, a caretaker’s residence whose occupant met guests at the entry and cared for the cemetery, Some gates had a waiting station, a welcome place to rest after one’s often-long journey to the cemetery . Before everyone travelled in individual cars, they may have ridden in a trolley, funeral train or carriage to the cemetery. There they would wait for the rest of the funeral party to gather before entering the cemetery and follow the casket to the grave.
Did the gate architects have theology in mind?. Long thin pinnacles, , and pointed arches stretch upward and seem to point toward the heavens to touch the face of God.
Psalm 100 teaches us to “Enter into His gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise”. The “courts” and ‘gates” refer to the temple of the time, the Old Testament place of worship. The gates were a part of the outer wall that surrounded the temple grounds. One entered the temple complex through the gates. So, it may be thought that today, we too symbolically pass through the cemetery gate, coming into His presence, thankful for a life well lived.
Meet the poster child of all Chicago cemetery entrances, the magnificent Rosehill Cemetery gate at 5700 N Ravenswood Avenue.The castellated gothic entrance gate was designed by William W. Boyington, four years before he designed the Chicago Water Tower. It was registered as a Chicago Landmark on October 16 1980. Gothic is a term that was adopted during the Renaissance to describe the architectural style that dominated European church construction. The Gothic-styled churches were meant to be awe inspiring. And so, many cemetery gates also mimic that sense of height and grandeur with elements found in traditional Gothic architecture.
Meet William Warren Boyington . He was born July 22 1818 in Southwick, Hampden County, Massachusetts. . He was first trained as a carpenter, then later as an architect in New York City. Prior to arriving in Chicago in 1853, he served in the Massachusetts State Legislature. .Boyington’s work in Chicago was extensive. Just a few of his buildings included the Chicago Water Tower and pumping station, The first LaSalle Street Railroad Station, the first Sherman House, the Joliet Prison and many more.
Boyington moved in 1874 to Highland Park, Illinois after having lost two residences in Chicago to fire. While in Highland Park, he served two terms as mayor. Boyington died Oct 16 1898 at age 80. His funeral, on the way to his gravesite passed through the very gate he designed.
And lastly, while you are here, check out my gallery, and small sampling, of my favorite gates and gatehouses in other parts of the country.
The Gothic Revival gates and the waiting station at the Crown Hill Cemetery at Indianapolis, Indiana, were designed by Adolph Scherrer in 1885
Green-Wood Cemetery – Brooklyn New York- High Gothic Revival entrance gate by Richard M. Upjohn
Greenwood cemetery caretaker’s mansion new York
And lastly, closer to home, the unusual all wood gate house and entrance to Calvary cemetery at Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
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